In object-oriented programming, a class is a blueprint or template for creating objects. It defines the properties (attributes) and behaviors (methods) that the objects will have. An object, on the other hand, is an instance of a class, meaning it is created based on the class definition.

Classes and objects are fundamental concepts in object-oriented programming languages like Java, Python, and C++. They allow programmers to structure their code in a modular and reusable way, making it easier to manage and maintain.

To create objects from a class, you use the class name followed by parentheses. For example, if you have a class called “Car”, you can create car objects like this:

Car car1 = new Car();
Car car2 = new Car();

Here, `car1` and `car2` are two different objects of the `Car` class. Each object has its own set of attributes and can perform actions defined by the class’s methods.

Attributes, also known as instance variables or member variables, are properties that define the state of an object. These variables can have different data types such as integers, floats, strings, or even other objects. They are usually declared at the top of the class and can be accessed and modified within the class’s methods.

Methods, also known as member functions, define the behaviors or actions of an object. They are defined within the class and can be called on objects of that class to perform specific tasks. Methods can take parameters and return values, allowing them to interact with other objects or manipulate the object’s attributes.

Here’s an example of a simple class in Python that represents a car:

class Car:
def __init__(self, brand, model, year):
self.brand = brand
self.model = model
self.year = year

def start_engine(self):
print(“Engine started!”)

def brake(self):
print(“Car stopped!”)

In this example, the `Car` class has three attributes (`brand`, `model`, and `year`) and two methods (`start_engine` and `brake`). The `__init__` method is a special method called a constructor, which is automatically called when a new object is created from the class.

To create a car object and call its methods, you can do the following:

car1 = Car(“Toyota”, “Camry”, 2020)
print(car1.brand) # Output: Toyota
car1.start_engine() # Output: Engine started!
car1.brake() # Output: Car stopped!