Social Network Analysis (SNA) is a methodology for analyzing relationships between individuals or groups within a social network. It involves examining patterns of connections, interactions, and influence among network members to understand their structure and dynamics.

In this tutorial, we will explore how to perform basic social network analysis using PHP and its built-in functions and libraries. To demonstrate the concepts, we will be analyzing a fictional social network dataset.

Step 1: Data Preparation
To start, we need to prepare our social network dataset. This dataset should include information about individuals and the relationships between them. For example, each row of the dataset could represent an individual with columns for their name, age, gender, and friends.

Step 2: Loading the Dataset
In PHP, we can load the dataset into an array using the `file()` function. This function reads a file into an array, with each element of the array representing a line from the file.

$dataset = file(‘dataset.csv’, FILE_IGNORE_NEW_LINES);

Step 3: Parsing the Dataset
Next, we need to parse the dataset and extract the relevant information. If our dataset is in CSV format, we can use the `str_getcsv()` function to parse each line.

$data = [];
foreach ($dataset as $line) {
$data[] = str_getcsv($line);

Step 4: Creating the Social Network Graph
Now, we can create a graph to represent the social network using the `Graph` class from the `PHPGraphLib` library. This library allows us to easily create and visualize graphs in PHP.

require_once ‘phpgraphlib/phpgraphlib.php’;

$graph = new Graph(400, 300);
$graph->setTitle(‘Social Network Graph’);

Step 5: Adding Nodes and Edges to the Graph
To add nodes and edges to the graph, we need to iterate over our dataset and create the appropriate graph elements using the `addNode()` and `addEdge()` methods of the `Graph` class.

foreach ($data as $row) {
$name = $row[0];

// Add the node to the graph

// If the row has friends, add edges between the current node and its friends
if (isset($row[1])) {
$friends = explode(‘,’, $row[1]);
foreach ($friends as $friend) {
$graph->addEdge($name, $friend);

Step 6: Visualizing the Graph
Finally, we can visualize the social network graph using the `stroke()` method of the `Graph` class.


This will display the graph in the browser or save it as an image file, depending on the configuration.

In this tutorial, we have learned how to perform basic social network analysis using PHP. We have explored the process of loading and parsing a social network dataset, creating a social network graph, and visualizing the graph using the `PHPGraphLib` library. With this foundation, you can further explore advanced social network analysis techniques and develop more comprehensive network analysis applications in PHP.